CBD stands for Cannabinol, and it is not an acronym. CBD is non-psychoactive and does not have the same mood altering effects of THC. It is safe to use in high doses. Cannabis, also known as marijuana has more than 500 naturally occurring compounds with at least 85 of these compounds being cannabinoids. The two most well cannabinoids are CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). THC is known for its psychosis altering effects and causes the buzz experienced after taking cannabis. CBD appears to calm the high caused by THC and provides a natural barrier against high THC doses. CBD is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties and protects neurons from injury or degeneration.
Cannabis oil rich in CBD is extracted from plant material equally rich with CBD. There are some processes that is used to extract oil from the marijuana plant, with varying levels of effectiveness and safety. Below are some of the primary ways CBD is processed. If you’re interested, read about how an Investment company helps Oregon land owners grow legal cannabis as well.
Extra virgin oil is a safe and affordable method of extracting cannabis oil. The chances of injuring yourself or causing an exothermic reaction when making cannabis infused olive oil are very minimal. Many people who produce CBD at home use this simple method. First, the raw material should be heated to a specific temperature for a set length of time in order to activate chemicals in the cannabis plant. The plant material is then added to the olive oil and heated for 1-2 hours at 1000C. In this method, olive oil cannot be removed by evaporation after so this oil is not as highly concentrated as the other methods. Also infused olive oil is very perishable and should be stored in a cold, dark place.
Carbon (IV) Oxide Extraction
Carbon (IV) oxide can function under any of the three states of matter depending on the pressure and temperature making it a unique molecule. In C02 extraction pressure and temperature must be kept very specific hence the use of a ‘closed-loop extractor.’ This equipment has three chambers: the first holds solid, pressurized CO2 also known as dry ice, the second chamber has dry plan material, and the third holds the finished product. During the extraction process, solid CO2 from the first chamber is passed though the second chamber is holding the plant material.
The pressure and temperature in the second chamber cause CO2 to behave somewhere between a liquid and gas (supercritical CO2) running through the plant material extracting flavors and chemicals. The CO2 – cannabinoid mixture is passed to the third tank where the even lower pressure and higher temperature cause CO2 to rise to the top of the chamber while the oils which contain the chemicals and flavors fall to the bottom of the chamber to be collected. In this method, there is a very minimal risk of contamination to the collected product, and it does not require a long evaporation process. The closed loop extractors are very expensive, and this method is mainly used by professionals.
In this method, liquid solvents such as butane, ethanol, hexane or isopropyl alcohol are passed through the cannabis plant to remove cannabinoids and flavors and transfer them to the liquid. The liquid is then evaporated leaving the CBD rich oil. This method is inexpensive, equipment free and simple. This process though may introduce impurities to the final product.